Long Term Complications of Diabetes

Every high blood sugar, and large swings or spikes in blood sugar, damage the body's fine blood vessels.

Fine blood vessels are found in the nerves, eyes, kidneys and heart, and these are the major parts of the body damaged by diabetes.

  • Nerves - Neuropathy - lack of feeling. Can lead to amputation if unnoticed injuries become septic. Daily foot checks are recommended
  • Eyes - Retinopathy - eye blood vessels leaking - can lead to blindness. Yearly optometrists checks are recommended
  • Kidneys - Renal failure - can lead to dialysis or transplant. Annual renal function checks recommended
  • Heart - Cardiac problems - can lead to heart failure. Blood pressure must be kept under right control. Daily exercise is recommended.

The bottom line? You want to avoid these long term complications.


Hypoglycaemia - Low Blood Sugar
Glucose Tablets for Diabetes
Long Term Complications of Diabetes
Hyperglycaemia - High Blood Sugar
Bolus Insulin
Basal Insulin
Diabetes Back to School Checklist
Managing Diabetes at School
High-GI Foods
Low-GI foods
Starchy Carbs
Jelly Beans
A1C/HbA1C - what is it?
ManageBGL in a Tele-Health/Telemedicine Environment
Blood Glucose Log Book
Points Report
Dead In Bed
Insulin Pump Accuracy
Blood Glucose Meters List
Insulin Pumps List
Continuous Glucose Monitoring System (CGMSs) List
DAFNE - Dose Adjustment For Normal Eating
Australian Standard Drinks - alcohol.pdf
Total Daily Dose (TDD)
Glucagon Rescue
Delay Eating
Diabetes Software and Downloads
Preventing Night Hypos - Overnight BGL Testing
Diabetic Eye Exams
Diabetic Blood Pressure
Diabetic Kidneys
Diabetic Thyroids
Nerve Damage - How does diabetes affect the nerves?
Books and Audio Resources
Substance (Drug) Abuse and Diabetes
Diabetes and Alcohol
Diabetes and Stress
Diabetes and Sick Days
Diabetes and Adrenalin
Diabetes and Menstruation
Diabetes and High Impact Exercise
Diabetes and Lipohypertrophy
Diabetes and Gastroparesis
Diabetes and Glimepiride
Diabetes and Symlin